However, according to the Constitutional Rights Foundation, Aristotle believed that a large middle class would help prevent an aristocracy from becoming an oligarchy by balancing the interests of the sovereign.
The people have always some champion whom they set over them and nurse into greatness. But this never happened.
For Plato, as for Solon, government exists for the benefit of all citizens and all social classes, and must mediate between potentially conflicting interests.
Peace for Plato is, unlike for Marxists and other radical thinkers, not a status quo notion, related to the interest of the privileged group, but a value that most people usually desire. An oligarchy, the rule of a few the richleads to a city of the rich and a city of the poor, dwelling together, and always plotting against one another.
He studied, catalogued, lectured, debated, and wrote about every area of human knowledge. Divide the class into small groups. He feared that both pitted the rich against the poor. The worst were those without the rule of law.
Then, in the Laws, the reign of the best individuals is replaced by the reign of the finest laws instituted by a judicious legislator c-d. Thrasymachus withdraws, but his statement: God, and not human beings, is the measure of political order Laws, c.
Humans are immortal souls, he claims, and not just independent variables. He quotes "It is a further objection that he deprives his Guardians even of happiness, maintaining that happiness of the whole state which should be the object of legislation," ultimately he is saying that Guardians sacrifice their happiness for power and control.
Both Aristotle and Plato have had a tremendous impact on political scientists of today. Nobody can be wicked and happy a-c. It touches on many subjects, including law and tyranny. Being in the final stage of their education illuminated by the idea of the good, they are those who can see beyond changing empirical phenomena and reflect on such timeless values as justice, beauty, truth, and moderation b, b.
The rich felt hurt by the reform. George Washington, James Madison, and the other framers of the Constitution were dedicated to constructing a just government.
Their opinions on society and its functions were quite different, but they both had the same intention, to build a better way of life for the societies they lived in and for the societies that would come to be in the future.
How can it help prevent tyranny? Firstly, because of the restrictions concerning family and private property, Plato is often accused of totalitarianism. They have superior theoretical knowledge, including the knowledge of the just, noble, good and advantageous, but are not inferior to others in practical matters as well d, e.
The philosopher kings will prefer seeking truth to ruling, but a law will compel them to rule. This type of state arises when the middle class is strong. He feels that the means of preventing revolutions is to anticipate them Hacker He praised the advantages of democracy: His ideal form of a government was a kind of republic but in his time the land was ruled my a king.
The guardians are to be placed in a position in which they are absolute rulers. For Plato, democracy is the worst of all lawful best governments and the best of all lawless worst ones. In this write-up, we intend to evaluate the points of agreement and disagreement as regards the prescriptions on the ideal state by both these Socratic philosophers.
All that can be done is to try to improve on the existing one. If in the Republic it is the main function of the political leadership of philosopher-rulers to make the civil strife cease, in the Laws this mediating function is taken over by laws.
Assign one of the quotations to each group.Both Aristotle and Plato have different views on how a government should be formed and the various aspect of society. In The Republic, Plato begins discussing the meaning of. Aristotle believed a democracy was the best form of government ruled by the middle class.
Plato did not believe average people were intelligent enough to make decisions about government. PLATO-ARISTOTLE IDEAL STATE: COMPARE AND CONTRAST Related questions: COMPARING PLATO AND ARISTOTLE’S IDEAL STATE i. Critics of Democracy – Both perceived democracy as the worst form of government.
For Plato, democracy is the worst of all lawful (best) governments and the best of all lawless (worst) ones. Aristotle and Plato believed that an aristocracy is the best form of government? TRUE Did Plato or Aristotle believe that their is such a thing as an IDEAL form of government.
Plato and Aristotle’s Forms of Government Throughout history, the idea of government has always been altered, discussed, and argued due to the many variation philosophers have created.
Plato, a well- known philosopher is known for his book The Republic in which he discusses politics and the way society should run in order to. Aristotle says, in his Politics, that the preferred system of government is of a constitutional form.
That is, a government that is ruled by laws. That is, a government that is ruled by laws. Thus, it seems that Aristotle and Plato shared a fondness for “just” law.Download