The middle colonies New Netherlandfounded in at Fort Orange now Albany by the Dutch West India Companywas but one element in a wider program of Dutch expansion in the first half of the 17th century. For when one knows no freedom he does not know what he has lost, but when he has freedom and loses it he will die to taste it again.
When dissenters, including Puritan minister Roger Williams and midwife Anne Hutchinson, challenged Governor Winthrop in Massachusetts Bay in the s, they both were banished from the colony. Before disembarking from the Mayflower inthe Pilgrim founders, led by William Bradforddemanded that all the adult males aboard who were able to do so sign a compact promising obedience to the laws and ordinances drafted by the leaders of the enterprise.
It seemed to the people of Plymouth and the Bay that such a criticism of royalty might do them great harm in the mother country. Church membership was restricted to those Puritans who were willing to provide a conversion narrative telling how they came to understand their spiritual estate by hearing sermons and studying the Bible.
People who belonged to non-Congregational churches paid their tax money to their own church, and the churchless paid to the Congregationalists. Virginia th Anniversary Celebration Corporation, After the Indian uprising inthe colonists gave up attempts to christianize and live peacefully with the Powhatans.
Even in Virginia, where a strong merchant class was nonexistent, those people with the most economic and political power were those commercial farmers who best combined the occupations of merchant and farmer.
By the midth century, after Southern colonists discovered that the profits generated by their plantations could support the relatively large initial investments needed for slave labourthe volume of the slave trade increased markedly.
It was fought by the Bay colony to the north and by William Coddington of Portsmouth and Newport to the south. In churches with only one minister, the morning sermon was devoted to the argument interpreting the biblical text and justifying that interpretation and the afternoon sermon to its application the lessons that could be drawn from the text for the individual or for the collective community.
Some of the estimates are obviously biased by theological prejudice. The regulations, though noble in intention, created considerable tension between some of the more enterprising settlers and the proprietors.
Certainly there was nothing particularly liberal about the doctrines on which he had insisted with a stubborn fanaticism even greater than that of the Massachusetts clerics.
In September, when he still refused to recant, the sentence of banishment was pronounced against him.
Economy[ edit ] Concerning Evil Spirits Boston, by Increase Mather The province was the largest and most economically important in New Englandand one where many American institutions and traditions were formed.
The original charter of gave all power in the colony to a General Court composed of only a small number of shareholders in the company. The Carolinas and Georgia The English crown had issued grants to the Carolina territory as early asbut it was not until that a group of eight proprietors—most of them men of extraordinary wealth and power even by English standards—actually began colonizing the area.
The result of this exclusion was a remarkably homogeneous population, with colonists sharing similar backgrounds, outlooks, and perspectives. Thus, the governor had direct or indirect control over every agency of government in America.
They denounced the laws and religious practices of the Puritans. A new type of racial hatred became a defining feature of Native American-English relationships in the Northeast.
In these three communities joined with a fourth in Portsmouth under one charter to become one colony called Providence Plantation in Narragansett Bay. He insisted on a bicameral legislature which would represent both the gentlemen and the common citizen.
With the local population largely opposing British authority, troops moved from Boston on April 18,to destroy the military supplies of local resisters in Concord. New England society was more diverse and the political system less oligarchic than that of the South.
With the passage of the Tea Act intea sold by the British East India Company would become less expensive than smuggled tea, and there would be reduced profitmaking opportunities for Massachusetts merchants engaged in the tea trade.By this time, having become persona non grata with the Massachusetts Bay clergy, he had accepted a call to the Plymouth Colony, a community of avowed separatists under the tolerant Governor William Bradford.
Here, perhaps, his early sins might have been forgiven. He had extraordinary magnetism. Inthey renamed their settlement Boston after the town they had left in England. InBoston was made the capital of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Byhundreds more English Puritans had joined Winthrop and Blackstone in their new colony. Bymore than 15, colonists lived in Massachusetts. History of the Puritans in North America. Jump to navigation Jump to search.
Part making young adults a minority in New England settlements. The New World Puritan population was more of a cross section in age of English population than those of other colonies.
This meant that the Massachusetts Bay Colony retained a relatively normal. The Great Puritan Migration was a period in the 17th century during which English puritans migrated to New England, the Chesapeake and the West Indies.
English migration to Massachusetts consisted of a few hundred pilgrims who went to Plymouth Colony in the s and between 13, and 21, emigrants who went to the Massachusetts Bay Colony between and The Puritans of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, like the Pilgrims, sailed to America principally to free themselves from religious restraints.
Unlike the Pilgrims, the Puritans did not desire to “separate” themselves from the Church of England but, rather, hoped by their example to reform it. Massachusetts Bay Colony Facts: The Beginning. Massachusetts was established by the Puritans in The Puritans wanted to purify the church of England, however, after years of persecution, they opted to found a new colony and start fresh.Download